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Warning to the readers

News from Macedonia

Our member from Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Ristevski, has started with publishing of his magnum opus. Last year he managed to digitally publish several of his books: Imaginarium of Doctor Solaris, All Seeing I, Luminous Neutrino and the preview of the first book with excerpts from old books covering his home region – the great valley of Ovche Pole and the city of Sveti Nikole (Saint Nicholas). On the feast of Saint Nicholas, according to the Julian calendar, December 19th, 2016, he published his first printed book – Imaginarium of Doctor Solaris. The publisher is the International Center for Slavic Education fromSveti Nikole. The book was reviewed by artist Aleksandar Stankovski, who also made a painting with title “Imaginarium inspired by the words of Ristevski,”. The foreword is by our member Domagoj Nikolic, commentary by a Bulgarian journalist Stoycho Kerev and the closing remarks by another member of our group, Velimir Abramovic. The “Imaginarium of Doctor Solaris” is available for purchase through the official FB fan page, where you can find book excerpts and media coverage. The second printed book by Ristevski – “Ovce Pole – book one” is currently being prepared for printing and will be published soon. The book launch party for both books will be held in the Saint Nicholas, Macedonia.

 


 

The work of our scientist, Nikola Ristevski , has inspired Domagoj Nikolic to extend and upgrade his astro-archaeological work and join him in the research of Ovche Pole. Their efforts in turn brought the Super Brain Research Group to the exploration of the great geoglyph in Kanda. The group has subsequently published three scientific papers in renowned scientific publications and is currently seeking approval of the Macedonian authorities to complete the work with the ground penetrating radar. Nikola’s research was recognized by the director of International Slavic University in Macedonia, Yordan Gjorchev, who granted him a full scholarship for master studies and added him to the staff of the Institute for Culture and Art. The university publisher will soon print the three SBRG scientific papers in English, Russian and Macedonian in a special publication.

Our 32 year old scientist has been working hard for more than half a decade. In 2017 he plans to publish the works of his two grandfathers in two separate books – one with historical texts about Ovche Pole valley, and another with newspaper reportages from old printed media from all over former Yugoslavia covering Sveti Nikole and Ovche Pole. Another project in his pipeline is a guidebook titled “Hikers guide for Ovche Pole”.

Our scientist was officially unemployed for years, but managed to fund his existence in the material world doing odd jobs including shadow journalism, gonzo journalism and reporting. Last year he was responsible for promotion of the archeological site Bylazora, the ancient capital of Paeonia. The website LOZA, owned, managed and edited by Nikola Ristevski is working without any commercials, and finally there is a GoFundMe campaign where you can make donations. Ristevski managed to publish his first book with the help of his friends and fans, but yet needs some more ink and paper to complete his magnum opus. His friends made another GoFundMe campaign for supporting the publishing of this magnum opus. More information available at www.nikolaristevski.com.

 

 


 

Healing aspects identified by archaeoacoustic techniques in Slovenia

TAG: archaeoacoustics, archaeo-acoustics, archeology, vibrations, infrasounds, Laško, Rimske Terme, Roman baths, thermal baths, vibrational energy, SBRG, SB Research Group.

 

Introdution

At the end of July 2015 some members of SBRG group, Debertolis and Gullà, went to the North of Slovenia for an archeaoacoustic assessment of the site located in the vicinity of the Roman baths in the area of Laško.


 

In previous research carried out in the ancient Roman site of Felix Romuliana, Serbia (P. Debertolis, M. Zivic: "Archaeoacoustic analysis of Cybele’s temple, Imperial Roman Palace of Felix Romuliana, Serbia", Journal of Anthropology and Archaeology, Vol. 3 (2), 2015: pag. 1-19) we hypothesied that the construction of a sacred temple inside the palace by Roman architects was deliberate. The positioning and orientation took account of the presence of underground water whoose vibrations can affect the psyche (for example of ritual officiants within the building). Such vibrations were caused by the movement of underground water which emerged from the ground close to this temple leading to the construction of a thermal plant in the palace.

The hypothesis expands on this stating the architects of the time, a particular category of soothsayers, the so-called àuguri, has the ability to analyze local physical phenomena (such as groundwater or tectonic movement or vibration) using various methods of divination. Such was the potential impact on health, which could favor or harm those who have stayed there for long time, similar divination techniques were used to find where to place a military camp.

The study of geopathy, as a complementary science to medicine, is relatively new and in many medical circles still not recognized. In contrast, ancient Romans were familiar with this gave due consideration as to the exact siting of a particular public building, military field or spa.

To explore this hypothesis further, we went to the Laško spa area, where a thermal plant built over the original Roman baths exists. We analyzed the Rimske Terme Hotel with the owner, located over the original Roman settlementto perform an analysis of the vibrations present in the eighteenth century stone baths (replacing the original Roman ones in the same location).

 


Fig. 1 - The Rimske Terme Hotel Spa built right on top of the ancient Roman baths and integrates also the original tanks. It is nestled in the wood and has a large garden.

 

The analysis was extended to include the garden surrounding the hotel, once home to other Roman buildings no longer in existence and where for centuries exotic trees such as redwoods have stood.
The spa is still open today, in the 18th and 19th centuries, it was reserved for kings and nobles. For example, the spa bath used by Josephine Bonaparte Murat, wife of the king of Naples and sister of the more well known Napoleon I, Emperor of France.

 

 

 Fig. 2 - The original bath used by Josephine Bonaparte with a commemorative plaque in German above it.

Materials and methods
Our study is focussed on the research of vibrations in the audible and inaudible abnds (infrasound and ultrasound) through use of highly sensitive water microphones (Hydrophones from North American company Aquaria). These were positioned within the stone spa baths filled with water alongside which, air microphones were positioned outside the building over a Roman bath.  These Roman stone baths remain buried in the soil and represent ideal transducers to collect subsurface vibrations which are better transmitted through the water. Measurements were taken only after the stone baths were filled, allowing time for any parasite sound from the pipes to disappate.

Inside the building we used a professional three channel geophone equipped with  Geobox SR04S3 dedicated software from Sara Electronic Instruments. This set up is used in the field of geophysics to identify the presence of tectonic or underground water through detecting vibrations in the range of 0.1Hz and 600Hz. This equipment was used to compare two different research methods. The geophone can not be immersed in water, however it is a highly sensitive instrument, widely used in the field of seismology to detect earthquake swarms as precursors of earthquakes.

 

 

Fig. 3 - Top: the recording equipment Tascam DR-680 connected to the ultra-sensitive microphones. Bottom: the microphones placed inside the tanks totally submerged in the water.

 

In order to make visible the effects and dispersion of vibrations in the air a TRV camera (variable resonance camera, known in Italy as Merlin camera or Defend X system in Japan) was also used, along with specific annex software able to process the minimum vibratory differences present in the air consequent to the movement of air molecules visible only instrumentally in the various frames of video. The software connected to the TRV works by highlighting the movement and change of chromaticity of the pixels of the collected image in UV band. For this, a lower resolution is used to avoid overloading the computational power of the computer. Reassembling the frames collected one on the other (standard deviation or STD) we have an image in the air of vibrations spread from underground.

This technique, already widely used in previous investigations by our research group and published extensively in scientific literature (Debertolis, Gullà & Richeldi 2014; Debertolis & Gullà, 2015) has to date been able to detect deep vibrations from the movement of underlying thermal waters that invest the overlying areas. In this respect, it has proven to be reliable technology.

 

Results
The old stone baths in the oldest building and the small rooms inside were examined. All the equipment used detected deep infrasounds (inaudable) from underground. It is conceivable that when the human body is immersed in the thermal water, it is invested integrally by certain vibrations which have an effect on the physical body generating a sense of being.


Fig. 4 - A peak of around 14-15Hz is constant and more or less at the same volume level (-53db) in all stone baths examined to date and is accompanied by various ambient noises. In this case from the fall of a drop from the tap in the bath full of water that generates a peak between 1,000 and 3.000Hz.

 

Depending on the ambient noise, this level of peak appears constant in volume oscillating briefly around 14-15Hz. It is sometimes accompanied by various other spurious vibrations, but with irrelevant content for the inconstancy and inconsistency of these.

This kind of vibration (we highlight mechanical stress and not electromagnetic waves) has been found from our research group at various sites considered  "sacred" that perhaps for this reason were possibly in some way revered by ancient people, as a well-being feeling.

Of interest to note is that the maximum length of time guests can stay in the bath, should not exceed 20 minutes (due to high water temperature). However, the exposure to these infrasounds for prolonged periods can overload the human body by creating a disease. Inside the pavilion with its small rooms containing the hot baths, the TRV camera observered that the vibrations seem to spread in the air causing abnormally funny morphologies to move in a curious way.

 

 

Fig. 5 - The same bath from Figure 2 taken by TRV camera in the UV band. Above: the spread of vibrations in the air in black-white image. Below: the same image but in which through the color it is possible to distinguish the vibration frequency (higher red, blue lowest). The areas in black appear unexplained.

 

Outside of the small rooms these vibrators are also detectable, as an unexplained phenomenon that appears to the TRV camera to be vibratory "holes" in which the vibrations appear to focus. The TRV camera was repeatedly controlled, however, the same results were obtained. Software or hardware errors were ruled out and for now these images are difficult to interpret.

 

Fig. 6 - The entrance hall of the pavilion that includes the thermal baths taken in the visible band (above) and in UV band after the TRV camera processing (below).

 

Fig. 7 - The same big room of Figure 6 taken from another angle in the visible band (above) and in UV band after TRV camera processing (below).

 

The data obtained from the geophone correlates with the same taken from the microphones and digital recorder. In the plot below, the geophone was positioned on the marbled paved flooring next to the baths, a peak of around 14-15Hz is recognisable along with a series of noises between 4-11 Hz. There is no significant peak that remains constant in time for which a specific meaning can be attributed (Fig. 8).

 

Fig. 8 - Above: the graph from the geophone in one of the baths. Highlighted in red is the 14-15Hz with a variable volume. It follows an indistinct line of noise between 4 and 11 Hz. Bottom: analytical operations through the geophone.

 

This particular vibration was not found to be present outside the pavilion in the garden in front of the hotel. Other types of vibrations however, were detected by German researchers that most likely marked the most salient positions the water is channeled at various locations, (these results have yet to be published). 

Within the reported points by German researchers it was possible to detect a considerable variability of high volume peaks at significantly different frequencies, indicating the different morphology of the sub-surface soil along with a generation of certain sounds origninating from an underground thermal spring.

 



Fig. 9 - Surveys in the no. 1 position at different times. The detected frequency appears constantly around 29Hz at high volumes (-30 dB).

 

In the no.1 position in the garden by Rimske Terme there is an evidence of a high volume vibration of 29Hz (Figure 9), most likely origniating from the underground thermal water capable of generating a magnetic spiral disturbance (Figure 10), something that has  been well-documented using UV band photography and video and by computer analysis according to the Block Matching method (Figure 11).

 

 

Fig. 10 - Point no. 1 in Rimske Terme garden taken from three different points of view. In front, a magnetic spiral field generated by the groundwater, identifiable by TRV camera and the Block Matching technique.

 

The Block Matching method divides the image into areas (blocks) associated with the detection of air movement that changes the brightness of the pixels within the digital image. Software calculates the estimated motion of air particles in a magnetic field by comparing the previous frame (where the image is separated through giving a value to an area) then sliding the pixels to obtain the maximum displacement area (Figure 11).

The difference in pixel brightness is determined by the steam vapour present in the air particles which naturally tend to form in a similar fashion to a dipole in a magnetic field. This micro movement is not perceived with the naked eye, but can be detected by the camera. The frames obtained from the video are individually analyzed and placed on the stack by the software (which is somewhat slow due to the huge amount of data processing required).


 

Fig. 11 - Analysis by software system named Block Matching (Gullà).

 

At the other points investigated in the hotel spa garden, especially at points 3 and 6 marked by German researchers, we were unable to detect such a powerful noise (maximum -45dB) at different frequencies from  the 14Hz detected within the thermal baths.
The vibrations in the garden have a very original dispersion and UV band analysis by the TRV camera generates very strange shapes.

 

 Fig. 12 - The garden adjoining Rimske Terme. The person sitting at the base of the tree in the foreground gives an indiaciton of the size of the centuries old redwood trees.


Fig. 13 – The dispersion of vibrations inside the garden next to the hotel.

 


 Fig. 14 - Dispersion of the vibrations in the garden taken in a shooting image at eye level.

 

The findings by the geophone more than one kilometer from the thermal center have shown that the vibration flows emanate from below the surface and are completely different and devoid of interest from the psychophysical point of view.

 

 

Fig. 15 - Surveys carried out 1 km away from the spa: there are not vibrations having a profile for psychological well-being.

 

Discussion and conclusions

As with previous research carried out in Serbia in 2013, the positioning of the Roman baths in the Laško area does not appear to be totally random. The presence of infrasounds in those areas we examined which can change the state of consciousness and mood of exposed people to create a wellbeing state has been detected by our instruments. In particular, the thermal baths area in which the 14Hz infrasound frequency is found, has a definate positive effect on the human body as we reported in previous our researches.

How was it that nearly 2,000 years ago the ancient Romans were able to find this well-being location without use of the measuring devices we have today? It is believed that through the combined use of empirical knowledge of thermal waters from the Etruscans and the use of the soothsayers, the augurs.  The ancient Romans had a high regard for these augurs, a class of priests; Titus Livius wrote in his book "History of Rome" that no decision on war or peace was taken in ancient Rome before consulting the “collegium” board (Titus Livius, Book VI). This college was formed of fifteen members chosen by the 'dictator' Silla, whose decisions (which were not about predicting the future), were required for the “approval” of the Gods (Titus Livius, Book I). Such decisionst could be viewed like a feasibility study on any business to needed to be undertaken.

The augurs have always been regarded as a special group of priests within a larger group of soothsayers (aruspices), their work since at the time of the Etruscan culture was to interpret and understand the general will of the gods. A tradition whoose origin goes back to the early days of the founding of Rome, some historians such as Squadrilli (1961) and Beard (1998) place this tradition  at the time of Romulus. In more recent times, the augurs are often associated with interpretating the flight of birds, carrying a stick with a bent tip like an umbrella called a "lituum", whose function was to limit the number of birds seen in sky so that their behavior could be observed with care. This has been considered a mere superstition, which ignores birds remarkable sensitivity to environmental factors. Few people however, remember that this lituum was also used as a divining rod, and therefore it could be argued the art of dowsing was known to the Romans since the Etruscan times. At the very least, this class of soothsayers was used to search for hot springs in the Laško area to precisely locate the baths.

In modern times, dowsing has been confined to the realms of pseudo-science, however one of our collaborators revived the augurs ancient tradition by detecting natural phenomena using a pair of copper dowsing rods. In the ancient Roman palace Felix Romuliana, Serbia they obtained many successes which were later confirmed by our equipment in approximaltely 80% of cases (Debertolis and Zivic, 2015). In particular, they discovered the presence of underground water at a number of locations within the palace in the form of "blind springs", where a given number of water veins rise vertically below the surface without actually emerging above ground. Of interest is that at these same positions our research collaborator found such ‘springs’ our equipment (ultra-sensitive microphones) detected the presence of infrasounds believed to originate from the movement of such underground water.

In medical science it is well known that in the hands and chestexist vibratory receptors, the so-called Meissner’s sensors, which are capable of detecting non-audible vibrations. It is evident that personal experience and training was important for the ancient augurs to understand where the best vibrations existed to place a military camp, a spa or palace. In modern times, such studies are being rediscovered in the field of bio-architecture that takes into account characteristics of the location and surrounding environment before any construction takes place, in order to avoid the onset of geopathic stress for future occupants.

It is clear that Just as in ancient Romans times, where the thermal baths were frequented by the nobility and kings of that time,  their present day location inside the hotel remains unchanged and and in modern times, anyone can benefit from their wellbeing properties.
Paolo Debertolis & Daniele Gullà, March 30, 2016.


A sincere thank you for having made available to our research the structure of Rimske Terme goes to its owner, Valery Arakelov, whose courtesy enabled us to achieve substantial results. Likewise, we are grateful to her gentle collaborator, Elizabeth Corniali, for the excellent support we received during our investigation and for his patience in tolerating all our scientific needs.

 

Bibliography

  1. M. Beard, J. North, S. Price: “Religions of Rome: A History”, Cambridge University Press, 1998.
  2. P. Debertolis, M. Zivić: “Archaeoacoustic analysis of Cybele’s temple, Imperial Roman Palace of Felix Romuliana, Serbia”, Journal of Anthropology and Archaeology, Vol. 3 (2), 2015: 1-19.
  3. P. Debertolis, H.A. Savolainen: “The phenomenon of resonance in the Labyrinth of Ravne (Bosnia-Herzegovina). Resultsof testing” Proceedings of ARSA Conference (Advanced Research in Scientific Areas), Bratislava (Slovakia), December, 3 – 7, 2012: 1133-36.
  4. P. Debertolis, N. Bisconti: “Archaeoacoustics in ancient sites” Proceedings of the “1st International Virtual Conference on Advanced Scientific Results” (SCIECONF 2013), Zilina (Slovakia) June, 10 - 14, 2013: 306-310.
  5. P. Debertolis, N. Bisconti: “Archaeoacoustics analysis and ceremonial customs in an ancient hypogeum”, Sociology Study, Vol.3 no.10, October 2013: 803-814.
  6. P. Debertolis, S. Mizdrak, H. Savolainen: “The Research for an Archaeoacoustics Standard”, Proceedings of 2nd ARSA Conference (Advanced Research in Scientific Areas), Bratislava (Slovakia), December, 3 – 7, 2013: 305-310.
  7. P. Debertolis, N. Bisconti: “Archaeoacoustics analysis of an ancient hypogeum in Italy”, Proceedings of Conference "Archaeacoustics: The Archaeology of Sound", Malta, February 19 - 22, 2014: 131-139.
  8. P. Debertolis, G. Tirelli, F. Monti: “Systems of  acoustic resonance in ancient sites and related brain activity”. Proceedings of Conference "Archaeoacoustics: The Archaeology of Sound", Malta, February 19 – 22, 2014: 59-65.
  9. P. Debertolis, A. Tentov, D. Nicolić, G. Marianović, H. Savolainen, N. Earl: “Archaeoacoustic analysis of the ancient site of Kanda (Macedonia)”. Proceedings of 3rd ARSA Conference (Advanced Research in Scientific Areas), Zilina (Slovakia), December, 1 – 5, 2014: 237-251.
  10. P. Debertolis, F. Coimbra, L. Eneix: “Archaeoacoustic Analysis of the Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum in Malta”, Journal of Anthropology and Archaeology, Vol. 3 (1), 2015: 59-79.
  11. P. Debertolis, D. Gullà: “Archaeoacoustic analysis of the ancient town of Alatri in Italy”, British Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciece, September, Vol. 2, (3), 2015: 1-29.
  12. P. Debertolis, D. Nicolić, G. Marianović, H. Savolainen, N. Earl, N. Ristevski: “Archaeoacoustic analysis of Kanda Hill in Macedonia. Study of the peculiar EM phenomena and audio frequency vibrations”, Proceedings of 4th ARSA Conference (Advanced Research in Scientific Areas), Zilina (Slovakia), November 9 – 13, 2015: 169-177.
  13. P. Debertolis, D. Gullà, Richeldi F.: “Archaeoacoustic analysis of an ancient hypogeum using new TRV camera (Variable Resonance Camera) technology”, Proceedings of the “2nd International Virtual Conference on Advanced Scientific Results” (SCIECONF 2014), Žilina (Slovakia), June, 9 - 13, 2014: 323-329.
  14. T. Squadrilli: “Vicissitudes and monuments of Rome”, Staderini Editore, Roma, 1961: 25.
  15. Tito Livio: “History of Rome”, Book I, 35,3.
  16. Tito Livio: “Auspiciis hanc urbem conditam esse, auspiciis bello ac pace domi militiaeque omnia geri, quis est qui ignoret?”, in “History of Rome”, Book VI, 41.

 

Edited by Nina Earl 


 

Study of archaeoacoustic characteristics in Argimusco megalithic site (Sicily, Italy)

Tag: archaeoacoustics, archaeo-acoustics, Argimusco, Etna, Val Demone, low frequencies, rock carvings, rock art,  infrasound, cupel, purification pool, SBRG, SBRG, SB Research Group

In late June 2015, coinciding with a series of conferences in Sicily (Messina, Pedara, Montalbano) organized by E-Media Spa and at the invitation of its President Gaetano Santoro, some members of SBRG (Debertolis, Gullà, Tarabella) have traveled to this beautiful island to conduct investigations of archaeoacustics in Val Demone, located in North-East Sicily.

Our research mainly focused on the Argimusco plateau (Messina) with its megaliths, the Etna volcano and surrounding areas. Our attention was attracted in particular to the Argimusco megaliths although they are of natural origin, they act as great transducers of underground vibrations as with other sacred sites we analyzed.

 

 

 

Fig. 1 - Some moments during the surveys at Argimusco plateau

 

 

The site has to be considered an ancient sacred place, corroborated by the presence of purification pools carved into the rock along with cupels used for sacrifices with well engraved drains. These artifacts are typical of ancient places of pagan worship.

 

 

 

Fig. 2 - Above: a purification pool carved into the rock of a Argimusco megalith. Below and in the middle: a cupel for sacrifices with the channel for the flow of blood engraved on an Argimusco megalith

 

These artifacts are not uncommon, they can also be found in other Neolithic sites throughout the world, such as Sogmatar in Turkish Kurdistan close the the Syrian border. A site recognized in scientific literature as a very ancient place of worship. In particular, although there is a considerable geographical distance between Argimusco plateau in Sicily and Sogmatar plateau in Turkey, the morphology of these artifacts are totally comparable.

 


Fig. 3 - The Sogmatar plateau,Turkish Kurdistan (click to enlarge)

 


 Fig. 4 - Above: a purifying pool carved into the rock of Sogmatar plateau in southeastern Turkey. Below: a cupel for sacrifices with the channel for the flow of blood engraved in the stone of Sogmatar

 

If for Sogmatar the dating of these artifacts is difficult, it is even more so to date Argimusco artifacts, where unlike Sogmatar there is no incision that can be attributed to a period.
The landscape of Argimusco looks decidedly impressive in its complexity, located a short distance to the Etna volcano as the crow flies.

 

Fig. 5 - Some views of  Argimusco plateau and its megaliths

 

We measured very interesting vibrations in this location which appeared to be transmitted from the volcano, almost certainly due to the movement of magma.
For comparison we looked at other locations in the area of Etna volcano from Catania to Messina province.
In some locations around the Argimusco plateau, a vibration of around 8 Hz is found, as also found on the slopes of Etna volcano to a volume of 36dB.

 

 

 Fig. 6 - There is a significant component of infrasounds in the centre of Argimusco plateau around 8 Hz up to a volume of 36dB (taken by ultrasensitive microphones in air)

 

Even in the village of Pedara (Catania), just a few kilometers from the volcano we found a large numer of vibrations (infrasounds) between a few Hz and 10-12Hz.

 

 

Fig. 7 - Vibrator reliefs held in Pedara (Catania) with the geophone

 

Measuring the vibrations in a secondary crater of Etna volcano we detected practically continuous vibrations, due to the activity of the volcano. These vibrations are detectable with the same wavelength, but much more powerful in volume compared to Pedara town.

 


 

 Fig. 8 – The remarks made by geophone or high-sensitivity microphones and digital recorder in a secondary crater of Etna

 

 Fig. 9 – Some pictures taken with infrared camera showing the different composition of the cold lava terrain

The recordings carried out by ultra-sensitive microphones showed a "rumble" of infrasound with a peak around 10-12Hz to 28dB. It is definitely of sufficiently high volume to interfere with human physiology.

 


Fig. 10 – The peak of infrasounds at 10-12Hz  present inside the secondary crater as recorded by ultra-sensitive microphones in the air

 

 

Fig. 11 – The graphics of the remarks from the geophone, a geological device able to grasp more accurately infrasounds coming from underground

 

Visually you can see by the eye of our special cameras these vibrations as a succession of light coming from the rocks. This is well evidenced by the video below.

 


Click here for the video

 

In the following audio file the recorded infrasounds are transposed by software into the audible range, they appear to match the same pulses as the video images (listen here - we have to remember that, given the wide range of bass frequencies in the sound file, you must use high-fidelity headphones for hear them). It should be remembered that infrasound vibrations are inaudible to the human ear, but they could be perceived by vibrator receptors in the skin in sensitive people. For being able to hear, we had to move (transpose) the sound file up the audible band. Obviously this process changes the frequency of sound file, but not the characteristics of pulsing vibrations.

This type of vibration seemed to have a calming effect on the psyche of volunteers who have lent to the psychophysiological measurements in the same crater. Despite the windy and cold day.

 


Fig. 12 - Results of psychophysiological measurements on a volunteer within a secondary crater of Etna volcano

 

 

The same look and feel of psychophysiological measures in volunteers we have been able to observe in a dormant crater for more than 200 years at the base of the volcano (Mount Sona), a sign that these low frequencies have a positive effect on psychomotor skills of the examined subjects.

 


Fig. 13 - Evaluation of the psycho-physiological conditions of a volunteer inside the extinct crater of Mount Sona


The empirical assumption is therefore that this type of vibration can lead to a kind of psycho-physical relaxation for anyone in these places.

As regards Argimusco plateau, in addition to vibrations already detected in other neighboring areas around Etna, an interesting natural emission of electromagnetic waves of tectonic origin in the VLF (Very Low Frequencies) field has been observed. They were found in two peaks on the central plateau, but not elsewhere of 25 and 43KHz.

 


Fig. 14 - Spectrum of the electromagnetic waves on Argimusco plateau

 

 

The vibrations found here, appear in the same spectrum also noted on Etna volcano, but much less intense as detectable by the following chart.

 


Fig. 15 - Vibrations aspect detected by the geophone in Argimusco plateau near the megaliths

 

This difference is particularly evident if we overlap the two graphs, taken in the secondary crater of Etna (above) and found on Argimusco plateau (below).

 


Fig. 16 - Appearance of the two graphs of vibrations collected by the geophone between the secondary crater of Etna volcano (graphic higher) and those recorded in the vicinity of the Argimusco megaliths (lower graph). The morphology is similar, but the sound volume is lower

 

We observed an interesting phenomenon on some natural megaliths on Argimusco plateau: they can be made to resonate by the human voice, creating a kind of reverb that is visible instrumentally.
To perform this experiment we had the collaboration of a professional singer, Flavia Vallega, who uses the natural musical scale with "A" set at 432Hz.
In the pictures below, detected by the variable resonance camera (TRV, used in a lot our researches for making visible the vibrations), you can discriminate various areas with high vibratory response that appear lighter in color.



 

Fig. 17 - Analysis of the effect of resonance obtained by variable resonance camera (TRV) on a megalith after Flavia Vallega sings. The different colors of the spectrum indicate different areas of vibrations moving at different frequency

 

We obtained very interesting results in the analysis carried out by vector computer programs. These can highlight the variations in brightness of the molecules of water steam in the air which align themselves as a dipole in a magnetic field. The results of analysis seem to suggest that this phenomenon develops a spiral magnetic field during the resonance of the megalith shown clearly in the below image. But we will need to investigate further before drawing any conclusions.

 


Fig. 18 - Spiral magnetic field that seems to be generated during the resonance of megalith found by TRV camera

 

There is also a vibration in the audible range in the proximity of the megalith called the "Baboon" that the silence and in the absence of wind can be heard quite easily into the cavity present in it.

it is a dominant frequency of 26Hz followed by various harmonics up to about 60Hz. This sound in the audible range (listen here - use again Hi-Fi headphones), given its characteristics it is conceivable to be a movement attributable to an underground stream that visitors to the site in ancient times may have perceived as the sound of God voice. We have decided to call it "the Voice of Argimusco".

 

Fig. 19 - Spectrum of sound frequencies detected near the megalith called the "Baboon", clearly audible a low frequencies (Argimusco’s Voice)

 

Other megaliths of Argimusco plateau have a considerable resonance phenomenon. Near the megalith called the "Praying" there is a huge megalith with many cavities on its surface which act as many small resonators.
In this case, as well as the human voice, percussion instruments were used that possess a more extended bandwidth sound with its harmonics starting from the lowest frequencies.

 

 

 

Fig. 20 - Some phases of the resonance experiment by the "shamanic" or "Irish" drum (single head drum) to megalith


 

Fig. 21 - Appearance of the frequency response of the megalith by staining after striking the shamanic drum. Lighter colors correspond to a vibration response with higher frequency


 

The different coloring presented in Figure 21 is a subdivision of frequencies for hues.
This phenomenon is clearly visible by measuring instruments, it is amazing and shows the megalithic rock lighting for vibrations at the same time of the drum rhythm. Everything is clearly visible in the next video in which you can grasp the vibrating rhythm of the megalith that resonates synchronously to drumbeats.

 

 

Click here for the video

 

It is conceivable that the percussion instrument possesses numerous successive harmonics in addition to the base frequency, able to stimulate the large number of different cavities.

Is it possible that these empirical phenomena were known to ancient people, if so they did utilise them in some way? We cannot be sure, but we think that the sacredness of this place from ancient times is due to observation of such phenomena by our ancestors.
In other sacred sites we examined in several European and Asian countries (Malta, Serbia, Italy, England, Turkey and Kurdistan, Portugal etc.) we always found some phenomenon that was not also present in other nearby areas. It was not by accident a particular location was choosen to build a temple or perform sacred rites in virtue of these phenomena, capable of influencing the psyche of those who stood in those places.

 


 

Fig. 22 - A few more striking images of Argimusco megaliths on which hangs the ominous shadow of the volcano

 

It is undisputed that these surveys carried out within a week will be investigated in a systematic way with more missions to these locations again.

Paolo Debertolis, Daniele Gullà, Natalia Tarabella – October 30, 2015

 

 

Thanks to the E-Media Spa and the President Gaetano Santoro, its vice-president Rossella Guglielmino for collaboration and their availability thoughout this research. A great sincere thank you goes to Mauro Di Salvo. A hug from all of us to Flavia Vallega for her very beautiful voice that has managed to resonanate the Argimusco megaliths. Our thanks also go to all those who have contributed to the results of the experiments and the success of the conferences in archaeoacoustics.

 


 

Most of the photographs were taken by the architect Natalia Tarabella, on the left in the photo together with our collaborators Santo and Irene. The measurements were performed by Paolo Debertolis and Daniele Gullà.

 

 Edited by Nina Earl



Archaeoacoustic exploration in Montebello Castle (Rimini, Italy)

TAG: archaeoacoustics, archaeo-acoustics, archeology, vibration, infrasound, Montebello, Rimini, Azzurrina, vibrations, vibrational energy, SBRG, SB Research Group

With the start of summer SBRG group resumed their missions for the study of physical phenomena and archaeoacoustics in various sacred sites. With the rain or strong wind it is not possible to make measurements outdoors and even indoors the sound of water can prevent successful recordings.

Given the current political climate in the Balkans, the area of our research for the last 5 years, we have turned our attention to Italian archaeological sites that have very interesting physical phenomena or archaeoacoustic proprieties. Recalling that our research in Italy has expanded from Monte Amiata (Siena) to Cividale Hypogeum (Udine) to the Acropolis of Alatri (Frosinone) and Argimusco plateau (Messina) that we have examined in depth. We cannot mention here a dozen other national of real interest that we have explored more superficially.

The initial choice for this year was the Castle of Montebello, otherwise known as the Castle of Azzurrina. It is located in Montebello Torriana (Rimini) above the Valley of Marecchia and Uso. It is an interesting archaeological site whose memory is lost in time. We know that in the third century AD the Roman Empire erected an observation tower whose remains are still present today.




Fig. 1 - Montebello Castle in its current state

 

Fig. 2 - The entrance to the main building of the castle reveals the medieval origins

 

Fig. 3 - Some pictures of the inner courtyard of the castle

 

In the Middle Ages with the successive layers of defense it became a real castle whose first documentation dates from the twelfth century. In fact, the castle from 1186 became the property of the Malatesta family who bought the estate for an amount of money so high of 110 pounds of golden Lucca coins. Subsequently the Malatesta lost the castle in 1462 by the troops of Pope Pius II who in 1464 settled in the feud, and then in the castle. He gave the castle to the counts Guidi di Romagna, who have remained the owners to the present day.

The hypothesis of our study is that the many physical phenomena inside the castle originated before the rise of the Roman fortress (and later castle). That the hill upon which the castle sits was a sacred place and was specifically chosen because of its natural characteristics. Only later the place was used for defense as a settlement in wars.

 

Fig. 4 - The castle overlooking the Valley of Marecchia and Uso, with an amazing view from the manors tower



During the night of the June 21, 2015, Summer Solstice, and thanks to special permission from the manager to whom we are really very grateful, we placed our equipment inside. We chose this night because physical phenomena appear to be influenced by the increase of peculiar astronomical situation, as at other sacred sites (such as the acropolis of Alatri).

 


Fig. 5 - The striking appearance of the castle and the panorama visible from it on the night of June 21, 2015 after positioning our equipment

 

We examined the various rooms of the castle in contact with the ground and we were not disappointed. From the beginning our equipment perceived an abnormal vibration situation. Low frequencies are present in abundance everywhere and particularly in the tower, where the base acted as an ancient cold food storage area and where it is said, disappeared,the daughter of the commander of the castle, the famous child Azzurrina.

In this area there is also an old well with blades on the sides now closed by a floor that could have acted as a sounding board for the frequencies coming from underground. Having facilitated the collection of data following the same method as other sacred sites where we used similar natural transducers.

 

 

Fig. 6 - The ancient cold food storage area. Currently there is no underground access for the public

 

Fig. 7 - The area of microphone positions on top of an old well now closed


In particular, using the normal standard protocol registration SBRG (Standard SBSA), we found the frequency peaks of 7, 14 and 23 Hz (the last clearly perceivable by ear). These three peaks that alternate in volume, are always present. As regards the origin it is possible to hypothesize the movement of groundwater or even the movement of the geological fault. In both possibilities the vibrations appear to be stable and continuous.

 


 

Fig. 8 – The spectral analysis at different times of vibrations present in the vicinity of the ancient icebox in the logarithmic scale. The three peaks of low frequencies appear at different times with different volume, but are always present

 

Here is a sound sample from the tower in which the infrasonic band was made audible by transposingthrough special software, 17Hz upwards of the recorded frequencies. For greater appreciation of frequencies use high-fidelity stereo headphones and not the little laptop speakers as there is a large component of low frequencies.

The most interesting results have been achieved in the so-called "room of the strongbox" where in recent years the ground penetrating radar showed the presence of a circular object of about half a meter across, a gold or silver plate or a shield, buried in the center of the room at a meter and a half under the paving. In this room in the past years there has been several occurances of unexplained physical phenomena.

 

Fig. 9 - The so-called "Room of the Strogbox" where there are more perceptible vibrations, also subjectively, from underground especially in the middle of the room.

 

From the analysis by the variable resonance camera (TRV camera), it has emerged this room has a huge amount of vibration and in addition a spiral magnetic field which seems to interact with each person who comes into contact with it (see fig. 11).

 

Fig. 10 - L'analisi vibrazionale è stata eseguita mediante telecamera a risonanza variabile (TRV)The vibration analysis was performed using variable resonance camera (TRV camera)

 

Fig. 11 - The spiral magnetic field is detected by the "scattering" phenomenon recognized by the camera, or by the change of luminescence of the molecules of water steam caused by their alignment to the magnetic field.

Through the use of special software that is capable of enhancing the variations in brightness of the camera’s sensor pixels, it was possible to see the spread of vibrations from the underground air. These vibrations appear to be so powerful they can be felt or perceived through the palms of the hands via the Meissner corpuscles (receptors).

These receptors are found in the dermis surface layer of the skin occupying the marginal portion of the dermal papilla. They are particularly abundant in areas of skin without hair and thick as the ends of the fingers of the hands, soles of feet, lips and nipples. They are deputies to the fine movement receptors, that are tactile and can discriminate lower vibration frequencies. These receptors are widely stimulated by the vibrations found within this room.

 

 

Fig. 12 – This image represents the derivative of about 30 frames showing the areas of vibration more intense and persistent in time. The colored areas have different vibration frequencies where the higher density grows up to a meter of soil, showing greater inertia perceptible by the sensors of the Meissner present in the palms of hands and soles of the feet. This also accounts for the spiral field visible in the image 11

 

Fig. 13 - A picture of the researchers who carried out SBRG vibration pads. From the left: Paolo Debertolis and Daniele Gullà

 

 Fig. 14 - Still image of the castles keep

 

These preliminary results will be further detailed in an upcoming mission to be carried out in late summer.

Paolo Debertolis, Daniele Gullà – July 29, 2015

 

The research team SBRG is extremely grateful to Mrs. Daniela Condello Tiboni who has devoted much of her time for making available every corner of the castle for archaeoacoustic analysis. At the same time we are grateful to the owners of the castle, the Counts Guidi di Romagna, for their availability.

 

Edited by Nina Earl


 

Continuing the research of the SBRG at the geoglyph of Kanda in Macedonia

TAG: archaeoacoustic, archaeo-acoustic, archaeology, electromagnetic waves, ultrasounds, infra sounds, Macedonia, geoglyph, Sveti Nikole, Kanda, SBRG, SB Research Group

After the mission undertaken in March 2014 (here) at several sacred sites of the Sveti Nikole location in Macedonia, and on the basis of preliminary results obtained in the laboratory this last spring, the site of greatest interest from an archaeoacoustic point of view is the hill at Kanda.  It is important to remember that on the hill at Kanda there is a deep incision of a geoglyph only visible from the sky (by aircraft) and not from ground level nor from the surrounding mountains.  Consequently the results obtained in March made a second, more detailed, mission necessary by the SBRG which took place in July 2014.

For this mission and for subsequent more detailed ones, we give great thanks to the Mayor of Sveti Nikole, Zoran Tasev, for his support and generosity as well as his decisive vision considering the importance of this historical site that is in the process of being understood.

 


Fig. 1 – The geoglyph at Kanda photographed by the team during our aerial surveillance.  The two photos at the bottom were taken with special software used to increase the contrast of the digital camera

 

This geoglyph is surrounded by an oval shape whose principle axis is perfectly aligned in the direction North-South has a sort of inverted “W” inscribed on its inside. This letter seems to imitate the orientation of the star system Cassiopeia rather than an alphabetical letter.  It represents an easily identifiable design commonly used in antiquity as the symbol of the Great Mother.

In mythology Cassiopeia was known as the Queen of the Sky, the Great Mother and the mother of Andromeda who is the wife of Perseus.  Cassiopeia was the mythical queen of Ethiopia who challenged Poseidon with her beauty however its traditional western myth that has assigned this name to this constellation; for example Arab astronomers use a completely different name.

 


Fig. 2 – The constellation of Cassiopeia set out in relation to the Polar Star


As far as the alignment of the geoglyph with the constellation of Cassiopeia is concerned, a cluster of stars very close to the north pole stars and opposite the constellation of the Great Cart, this constellation is always visible from the northern hemisphere, so much so that even today it's used as a reference point to measure Sidereal Time; as did humans in antiquity.

 


Fig. 3 – Seasonal variations of the position of Cassiopeia at sunset


It is important not to forget that the sky rotating around the Sidereal North Pole and Cassiopeia appears on the cusp of the glyph at 04:32 in the morning between the 20th and 22nd of July with the oval's orientation exactly following a trajectory according to its principle axis.  According to some, this date corresponds to the birth date of Alexander the Great and the time of his birth in the morning.

All in all according to others, the glyph has nothing to do with Alexander the Great, but is placed on top of a much more ancient tomb which has the incision of the presumed image of the Constellation of Cassiopeia and the star from which the buried being came from.

The thought that the incision of the presumed image of the Constellation of Cassiopeia is not exactly correct either and must be further explained. Its as if the incision was made with the relative view of the buried being looking out towards the star of origin; in other words inversed.

In this case the design of the glyph is perfectly superimposed onto the image of the stellar constellation.  As far as the linguistic interpretation of the glyph is concerned its important to remember that in the past this symbol in Linear B was also associated with the cycle of reincarnation and the eternity of the soul.

 

Fig. 4 - The mysterious symbol in Linear B associated with eternity and the cycle of reincarnation

 

According to the researcher Domagoj Nikolić (Rochester Institute of Technology, Dubrovnik, Croatia) and the professor Aristotele Tentov (St. Kiril i Metodij University, Skopie, Macedonia) in Macedonian mythology the symbol of the geoglyph represents the God Se.  Se was the first child of the Great Mother and the supreme God of the ancient Macedonia's who created the entire universe.  This way, the Creator and the Great Mother also created the state of Macedonia to then incarnate in the persons of the King and Queen of Macedonia.  This theory is in perfect line with the ancient Dionysian mystery school teachings frequented by Olympia, the mother of Alexander the Great, who is mentioned by Pluto in his writings “The Life Of Alexander”.

It is important to read with attention the explanation of the SBRG researcher in this field, Domagoj Nikolić, published as a scientific study upon the acts of congress in Slovakia in December 2014, which summarises the preliminary results of our two missions to Kanda in 2014  (see original text).

The mission of July 2014 lasted one week, during which for four days the measuring equipment was placed on the inside of the perimeter of the geoglyph alternating the staff that was left to control and guard it day and night.

The principle equipment was placed under a gazebo placed on top of the hill and to measure the electromagnetic signal we used a tested MOTU digital audio interface with eight recording inputs, powered by a car battery that was recharged every day with a diesel generator.

 


Fig. 5 – Our sound engineer, the Finnish Heikki Savolainen, working at the computer during registrations with the MOTU interface. Behind him the researcher Domagoj Nikolić

 

 Fig. 6 - MOTU interface with the numerous cables connected to the sensors and Genelec speakers used as sound monitors

 

To this were connected eight different types of sensors, microphones and hydrophones including a 3D sensor used in our prior research which is capable of determine the origin of different signals to ensure that they are not for example signals from some nearby military base or radio/TV stations.  The selected recordings were also converted with PRAAT software to binary txt code for further analysis. Audio electromagnetic files were examined in Helsinki by the sound engineer Heikki Savolainen. This data was also sent to “St. Kiril i Metodij” University in Skopje for an indipendent study by professor Aristotel Tentov who also  participated in the research mission in the capacity of observer.

The geoglyph cannot be seen from earth, as can be seen in the image below. Nor is it very visible with the shades of the evening, even though you can imagine something is there.

 

 Fig. 7 -  The geoglyph as seen from above ground level with the evening shade.  Its presence can only be imagined

 

 Fig. 8 - Clearly rom the base of the hill it is not possible to suppose the geoglyph on the top

 

Fig. 9 - The green laser pointed towards the sky serves to verify the alignment of the geoglyph with the constellation of Cassiopeia during the night

 

The group of researchers who undertook the experiments was comprised of eight people, three Macedonian and five members of the SBRG from various nations.  Out of this group the actual astrotheologist and philosopher for SBRG was the Dalmatian Domagoj Nikolić, who replaced the previous historian that left the group over one year ago. Goran Marjanović from Serbia, an electronic engineer who replaced  Slobodan Mizdrak who guided the group in the Kanda mission of March 2014, but is now no longer part of the research group.  Also present for the SBRG group, the research coordinator and Italian medical doctor, Paolo Debertolis, the scientific assistant the British, Nina Earl and Finnish sound engineer Heikki Savolainen.

 

Fig. 10 - The complete SBRG research team.  In the centre the Mayor of Sveti Nikole, Zoran Tasev (third from the right)

 

Below a visible signal emitted from the hill on the oscilloscope as seen in July 2014, and as measured by the engineer Marianović. This signal also confirmed its existence even in this mission to Kanda.

 

 

Fig. 11 - Above:  the electromagnetic signal emanating from underground at the hill of Kanda as seen on the oscilloscope by the engineer Marianović.  Below:  the number of sound samples taken to identify any eventual differences in the electromagnetic signal

 

 Fig. 12 - The engineer Goran Marianović (on the left) during a measurement together with the researcher Domagoj Nikolić (on the right)

 

Beyond the electromagnetic signal there is also a low frequency mechanical vibration which was measured but only on the peak of the hill and its close proximity.  The equipment used to verify this sound are the same as the group have used many times before on previous research missions and thus we can confirm their dependability.  Below is a link to the sound recording that comprises a great number of infra sounds and to make it audible was transposed using software and a computer.  We advise you to listen to this recording with only high fidelity headphones with a good base response.

 


Fig. 13 - The various number of archaeoacustic recordings taken on the inside and the perimeter of the geoglyph. The photo below of professor Paolo Debertolis

 

The hypothesis is that it's generated by the flow of subterranean water that we discovered in large quantities.  The effect for those who are on top of the hill is notable, but not always unequivocal.  Some feel charged with energy whilst others feel bad and become very nervous.  The subjective response to these low frequency infra sounds is thus very variable, as we have discovered on our previous missions and in the laboratory of Neurophysiology at the University of Trieste with research that is still ongoing with various volunteers (here).

We also spent much time with the digital sound recorders at locations around the hill with the  geoglyph to discover the source and direction of the water flow.  Numerous measurements were taken at a total of 17 different locations.  It seems like all the surrounding zone has this underground water that was used once upon a time as it was at the archaeological site of Bylazora that is found nearby.  This site dates back to the reign of Peonia in VIIth century BC, a population that in IIIth century BC was absorbed by Macedonia.

On the basis of physical phenomena discovered, this geoglyphic site can be considered as part of the list of Balkan sacred sites such as Visoćica Hill  (Pyramids of Bosnia) (here) or the hill of Magura in Serbia (here) which we have researched in the past.

 


 

Fig. 14 - More images of the geoglyph positioned on the peak of the hill of Kanda.  Even in this case the aerial images utilise software to increase the contrast of the photo

 

As stated above close to Kanda can be found the archaeological site of Bylazora of which we have taken high resolution aerial photos which we also gave to the Archaeological Museum of Sveti Nikole who have, not to date, undertaken this type of research even though they have studied this site from a traditional archaeological perspective.  It seems like this site was destroyed by the Romans when they invaded the Balkans.  The signs that the city was destroyed by fire are more than evident, like the bones of the victims found together with numerous lances and arrows.  The columns of the site fell together with the roof where roof tiles can be found dispersed a bit everywhere.

 


Fig. 15 - The aerial shots taken by SBRG of the site of  Bylazora.  The photo below was taken with software to increase the contrast, the latest used in archaeology, present on the photo camera Olympus E-5

 

 Fig. 16 - The site of  Bylazora as seen from the ground.  The signs of destruction are dispersed a bit everywhere.  In the photo below on the left the Macedonian researcher Nikola Ristevski, to his right professor Debertolis

 

Even in this case the site was photographed with special software to increase the contrast of the digital camera (Olympus patented software) which works perfectly well for archaeological studies.  Seen from the hill of the geoglyph the site of  Bylazora can be found in the image below behind the hill, dark and covered in forest, therefore quite close to the geoglyph.  According to some, under the geoglyph there is the possibility of finding the burial site of one of the ancient Kings of Peoni.  However it cannot be excluded that the site is much older than this.




Fig. 17 - In the background the hill that separates the view between the geoglyph and Bylazora

 

In either case the aerial shots taken over the geoglyph were very extensive especially with infrared photography.  What we discovered was the artificial nature of the hill which can be considered like a cairn built for a very important person in history seeing its conspicuous dimensions.  The infrared photos show the various reflections of electromagnetic radiation highlighted by the different layers of terrain used.  In this case the different tonalities of colour of the terrain between the hill and the surrounding countryside indicates that the hill was constructed with material not found locally.

 


Fig. 18 - Above: the Cessna used for the aerial photography. The same type was used in Bosnia and has proven to be very versatile. In the photo below the pilot and flight instructor we collaborated with to take the aerial shots

 

Fig. 19 - Infrared images of the hill at Kanda. The different colouration of the surrounding terrain is evident in the non cultivated terrain situated to the south of the hill with respect to the hill itself even though the vegetation is the same

 

As far as the valuation of the emissions of electromagnetic waves from beneath the hill, using various methodologies, we could ascertain that there is a difference depending from where the measurements were taken on the hill.  This variance corresponds to the presence of a cavity inside the hill presumably only a few tens of meters beneath the surface. This last discovery already published in the international literature (here) makes us believe that the hill at Kanda is a cairn with an inner chamber or that the hill was raised on top of an existing hill to form the cairn thus increasing its original height.

The next phase of the research will be to confirm with georadar these existing discoveries.

Paolo Debertolis – January 21, 2015

 

SBRG is extremely grateful to the mayor of Sveti Nikole, Zoran Tasev, for supporting this research from the beginning with great courage of his convictions. We are glad that we can contribute to his great vision.

A heartfelt thanks to all the people of Sveti Nikole who worked for the success of this research project and in particular to all the technical staff who supported us in all our missions to Kanda.

We owe special gratitude to our scientific assistant and member of the research team, a local researcher Nikola Ristevski whose dedicated work has been our great inspiration.

Special thanks also for the Department of Medical Sciences of the University of Trieste (Italy) for supporting this research and in particular to the director, professor Roberto Di Lenarda.

 

Translated by Pier Bond


 

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